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Vaccination

A vaccine is a product that produces immunity from a disease and can be administered through needle injections, by mouth, or by aerosol.
The need for vaccinations doesn’t stop when you become an adult. Adult vaccinations, just like childhood immunizations, are important for lifelong good health. While some vaccinations are prescribed only for adults, others are for adults who did not receive the vaccines in childhood. If you are traveling to developing countries, your doctor may recommend others. On the other hand, during pregnancy or with certain health problems or allergies, not all of these vaccinations may be right for you. DMC provides different kinds of vaccines, offering basic information about the most common vaccines for children and adults.
Flu Vaccine Schedule
How it’s given: By injection.
How often/when to get it: Once a year, typically starting in September through the end of the flu season. The earlier you receive it, the better your protection.
Who should get it: All adults should receive the vaccine
Pneumococcal Vaccine Schedule
How it is given: By injection.
How often/when to get it: One-time vaccination for healthy adults. Re-vaccination after five years is recommended for people with chronic kidney failure or other conditions that lower resistance to infection and for people over 65 who received the first vaccination before age 65.
Who should get it: All adults 65 years of age and older; adults 64 and younger who:
• Have chronic health problems such as heart disease, lung disease, sickle celldisease, diabetes, alcoholism, cirrhosis, leaks of cerebrospinal fluid, or a cochlear implant
• Have a disease that lowers the body’s resistance to infection, including lymphoma or leukemia, kidney failure, HIV infection, or AIDS
• Take medication or treatment that lowers resistance to infection, including steroids, some cancer drugs, and radiation therapy
• Smoke or have asthma
• Live in a nursing home or long-term care facility

Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis (Td, Tdap) Vaccine Schedule
How it is given: As a single injection that offers protection against all three diseases.
How often/when to get it: One-time Tdap vaccination followed by Td booster every 10 years.
Who should get it? Adults up to age 64 who have not previously had a Tdap vaccination in place of Td and adults age 65 and older who have not previously received Tdap and have or anticipate having close contact with an infant less than 12 months of age. All adults should receive subsequent Td boosters. Also, pregnant women are advised to receive the Tdap vaccine, preferably between 27 and 36 weeks' gestation, with each pregnancy.
Hepatitis A Vaccine Schedule
How it is given: By injection.
How often/when to get it: First dose any time after age 1; second dose at least six months later.
Who should get it? People of all ages who:
• Live in a community with a high rate of hepatitis A
• Work in or travel to countries with high rates of hepatitis A
• Have chronic liver disease
• Work with hepatitis A-infected animals or in a hepatitis A research setting
Hepatitis B Vaccine
How it is given: By injection.
How often/when to get it: In a series of three injections. The second is given one month after the first dose; the third dose should be given at least two months after the second, but at least four months after the first dose.
Who should get it? Adults of all ages at risk for hepatitis B infection, including those who:
• Have diabetes
• Have sex with or live in the same house with an infected person
• Have sex with more than one partner
• Seek treatment in a clinical for sexually transmitted diseases, HIV testing or treatment, or drug treatment
• Inject drugs
• Have end-stage kidney disease or are on hemodialysis
• Have HIV infection
• Work in or are a client of an institution for the developmentally disabled
• Have chronic liver disease
• Live in or travel for six months to a year in countries where hepatitis B is common
• Are prisoners in correctional facilities

Meningococcal Vaccine Schedule
How it is given: By injection.
How often/when to get it: One-time immunization, typically in adolescence, with boosters as recommended by doctor.
Who should get it? Adults who have not been vaccinated should receive the vaccination if they:
• Are a military recruit
• Have a damaged spleen or their spleen has been removed
• Have terminal complement deficiency
• Are a microbiologist routinely exposed to Neisseria meningitides (the bacterium that causes meningitis)
• Are traveling to or living in countries in which the disease is common